5G vs 4G — What’s the Difference?
If you’re in the market for new internet service, or have heard the buzz about something called 5G, this article can help you better understand how to compare 5G vs 4G and make the right choice. There are many different terms thrown around when talking about wireless technology, so we’ll start by giving you some background information and help separate fact from fiction. Then we’ll dive into what exactly 5G is and how it differs from 4G before looking at some practical examples of why you might want to upgrade your internet service to 5G.
5G Vs. 4G — The Differences Explained
Today, we’re living in a world where WiFi is part of our daily lives. Some countries are even experimenting with 5G technology that promises to make things even faster and easier for users than ever before. In a nutshell, 5G tech has made it possible to download an entire season of Game of Thrones in under 30 seconds! But what is 5g exactly? How does it compare to its predecessor, 4g LTE, and what will its full potential be once everything’s up and running? And why are they dubbing it the internet of things? Let’s take a look at how 5g compares to 4g.
Is 5G Better Than 4G?
One of 5G’s biggest selling points is its speeds. Its theoretical peak download rate will exceed 1 gigabit per second, or 1,000 megabits per second. For context, that’s about 50 times faster than what we currently have with LTE-or about eight times faster than Google Fiber, which is built-in to only a handful of cities in America. But what does that translate to in real life? Well, with current 4G/LTE connections our phones download an average 3GB worth of data every month. With 5G that figure would jump to a whopping 34GB. A lot of people think these numbers sound too good to be true-and they are.
The reliability and coverage of 4G, combined with the lower cost of 4G devices, means it will be a long time before it is completely replaced by 5G. While carriers are spending more time and resources on 5G wireless technology, 4G networks are likely to continue to improve, resulting in faster speeds across the board. With 5G reaching 10 gigabits per second, up to 100 times faster than 4G, 5G networks can provide the level of performance needed in an increasingly connected society.
According to Vodafone, 5G promises device speeds about 10 times faster than 4G, which means high-quality 4K ultra-high-definition video communications — the standard used for commercial digital cinema — will deliver downloads to smartphones and tablets even faster. All of this means that 5G networks can deliver ultra-fast data to many more users with high accuracy and low latency. These speeds are possible because most 5G networks rely on very high frequency radio waves, also known as the high frequency spectrum. One of the main differences is the use of unique radio frequencies in 5G to achieve what 4G networks cannot.
This spectrum is summed up to create their total network bandwidth, which determines how fast they can transfer data. Since OFDM encodes data at different frequencies, this can increase the download speed of 4G and 5G, since these networks will have their own signaling channels, rather than one shared by them.
However, 5G uses small cell technology due to the higher speeds and frequency levels of MM waves, so operators will implement 5G broadband in small cells the size of pizza boxes in multiple locations. With 4G, the network can connect about 2,000 devices per square kilometer. With 5G, networks will be denser, which means they will have more capacity to support more connected users and devices, resulting in more mobile device connectivity and capacity.
In some cases, the speeds are only modest improvements over what LTE sees. As far as T-Mobiles’ national 5G network, the low bandwidth spectrum means speeds hit 100 to 200 Mbps at its peak, but in most cases these are modest improvements over what you’d expect from 4G, at least . our initial tests. So far, T-Mobiles’ 5G network delivers an average 20 percent increase in download speeds compared to 4G LTE, according to a company spokesperson.
We’ve already covered 5G speeds, but we can’t expect specific network speeds. Instead, think of 5G as a range of speeds, and the actual speeds you get will depend on the wireless network you’re connecting to, its congestion, the device you’re using, and a few other factors.
In existing 4G networks, the average latency is about 50ms. The latency of 4G technology is about 50ms, and the latency of 5G technology is about 1ms5.
It uses the 5G New Radio interface, along with other new technologies that use much higher radio frequencies (28 GHz vs. 700–2500 MHz for 4G) to transmit exponentially more data over the air for higher speeds, reduced congestion, and reduced latency, which is the delay before the start of data transfer on instructions.
Overall, with the new technologies, spectrum, and frequencies it uses, 5G has many advantages over 4G; faster speeds, lower latency, capacity for more connected devices, less interference and better efficiency. In terms of performance and functionality, 5G and 4G LTE networks can be compared based on their respective speed, bandwidth, latency, and device density. The three main differences between 4G and 5G are faster speeds, higher bandwidth, and lower “latency” or latency when communicating between devices and servers.
Many experts predict that 5G networks will improve performance related to many of these aspects, improving network characteristics such as mobility, power consumption, speed, and range of services. Indeed, the success of new technologies such as Internet of Things (IoT) devices, artificial intelligence (AI) web applications and autonomous vehicles and ………………….
Originally published at https://www.technopython.com on January 23, 2022.