What Is Sleep Paralysis ?

At least four to six times a night the body switches between REM (Rapid Eye Movement) and NREM (Non-Rapid Eye Movement) cycles during the course of the night. During this phase of wakefulness or sleep, you cannot move or speak for a few seconds or a few minutes.

Sleep paralysis can include hypnagogic hallucinations such as supernatural beings that suffocate or scare people and is often accompanied by a feeling of pressure in the chest and difficulty breathing. Sleep paralysis can also be a sign of narcolepsy, a sleep disorder that leads to extreme drowsiness and sudden fall asleep during the day. Some people wake up trying to get back to sleep after a prolonged period of sleep deprivation.

During an episode of sleep paralysis, your brain tells the body that you are in the rapid eye movement (REM) stage, but the limbs are paralyzed and prevented from acting like a dream, heart rate and blood pressure increase, and breathing becomes irregular and shallow. This type of paralysis occurs when the brain goes from sleep to wakefulness or from wakefulness to sleep. The basic symptoms of sleep paralysis occur during a sleep / wake-up phase, and the person feels awake and aware of the symptoms.

In addition to the brief loss of muscle control (known as Atonia) after falling asleep or waking up, some people exhibit hallucinations during episodes of sleep paralysis. Isolated symptoms of sleep paralysis that are not related to the underlying diagnosis of narcolepsy, a neurological disorder which blocks the brain from controlling alertness, can also lead to sleep paralysis. Sleep paralysis refers to the phenomenon in which consciousness restoration occurs during muscle atony or REM (rapid eye movement) while sleep is being maintained, resulting in intense anxiety and anxiety in patients when they are awake without being able to use any part of their body.

Although these paralysis symptoms can be scary, they do not in themselves pose a serious medical risk and should not prevent you from getting the sleep you need.

People with certain medical or mental illnesses such as narcolepsy are more likely to report episodes of sleep paralysis. People with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are for example twice as likely to suffer from sleep disorders as the average person. If you have a sleep disorder, tr eatment can help prevent paralysis.

Narcolepsy involves entering REM sleep and experiencing a phase called non-rapid eye movement sleep (NREM) during the night and the day. People with anaesthesia experience a temporary inability to move or speak when they fall asleep or wake up. About 15 minutes after falling asleep, they go into REM sleep.

Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder that affects the control of sleep and alertness in the brain. Narcolepsy includes periods of excessive drowsiness in the daytime, for example if a person has no control over falling asleep in the middle of an active day. Sleep paralysis can also occur in healthy people with symptoms of the disorder, as well as cataplexy and hypnagogic hallucinations. In many cases, the two terms are combined to describe a condition called Recurrent Isolated Sleep Paralysis (RISP), which involves persistent cases of sleep paralysis but is not anesthesia because the neurological disorder prevents the brain from controlling wakefulness and leads to sleep paralysis.

Sleep paralysis occurs when there is an interruption in the sleep cycle, and it is possible that the sleep cycle is interrupted in such a way that you experience vivid, dreamlike hallucinations or your dream state, which the brain interprets as real but which is actually something else.


Originally published at https://www.technopython.com on October 22, 2021.



Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store